Mason

The future growth prospects of today’s early-stage (that is

lower-income-some growing and others not) developing countries will be of huge importance in red

ucing poverty further. Although these countries face significant headwinds, they could also seize imp

ortant new growth opportunities-especially with the help of digital platforms.

The headwinds are certainly considerable. For starters, advances in digital technolo

gies-robotics, machine learning, sensors, and vision-directly threaten the labor-intensive manu

facturing and assembly upon which lower-income, nonresource-rich economies have traditionally relied.

Moreover, climate change has had its greatest economic impact on the tropical and subtropical regio

ns where most of the lower-income countries are located. The effects of global warming are highly disrup

tive in fragile economies, and, taken together, constitute a major new obstacle to growthle

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